The Equity in Athletics Act (EADA) was included in the Improving America’s School Act of 1994 (IASA), Public Law 103-382, enacted on October 20, 1994. Known as a “sunshine” law, the EADA was designed to make prospective students and prospective student-athletes aware of an institution of higher education’s commitment to providing equitable athletic opportunities for its men and women students.
Institutions must also disclose information about the financial resources and personnel that the school dedicates to its varsity teams. Any coeducational institution of higher education that participates in Title IV, the federal student aid program, and has an intercollegiate athletic program, must comply with the EADA by preparing an annual report, officially called The Report on Athletic Program Participation Rates and Financial Support Data; more commonly known as the EADA Report. [Report cite 34 CFR 668.47] The EADA Report must be published by October 15 each year and must be made available upon request to students, prospective students, and the public. A prospective student is defined as an individual who has contacted an eligible institution requesting information concerning admission to that institution.